How to make an automatic farm in Minecraft to make money easily

How to make an automatic farm in Minecraft to make money easily

Even with the best of armor and weapons, grinding for XP in Minecraft can take years. You have to wait for the night or go caving in a random cave, neither of which is very efficient.

But like most things in Minecraft, there is a shortcut.

With the right tools, you can build a huge mass farm, which will spawn and harvest enemies for you. They too will be reduced to almost no health, perfect for quick XP grinds. All of their drops will automatically be collected in a treasure chest and the XP Orbs will remain there to be collected.

Here’s how to build and use a “compact channel” mob farm in Minecraft.

How to make a mob farm in Minecraft

You can build a mob farm in either version of Minecraft, Java or Bedrock. And you can play in Survival, Creative, Adventure, or Hardcore mode, but doing it in anything but Creative mode will take a lot of time and resources.

To build your mob farm, you will need:

  • At least 25 piles full of pebbles (1600 units in total)
  • A stack full of trap doors
  • Four hoppers
  • Four treasure chests
  • Four plates of any material
  • Two buckets full of water
  • Flashlights (optional)
  • Scaffolding (optional)

A “full stack” refers to 64 units of an item. And you don’t need to use the pebble – it can be any solid block – but the pebble is quick and easy to pick up.

Building the mob grinder

We will start at the bottom of the mob farm and work upwards. First, we will build the “mob grinder” that hurts and holds the mobs you generate.

1. Dig a 2 × 2 hole in the ground. It only needs to be one layer deep.

A 2x2 hole in Minecraft.

2. Put your four chests in the hole, all facing the same direction. When you place two chests next to each other in the same direction, they will merge into one “big” chest.

3. Place the four hoppers on top of the treasure chests. Make sure you crouch as you place them, otherwise you will continue to open the treasure chests.

A Minecraft screenshot, showing a hole full of treasure chests and hoppers above the chests.

4. Place your plates on top of the hoppers. Again, you will want to squat down while doing this.

If you did this correctly, you now have a three layer mob grinder.

Next, we will build the well and the bridges.

Building the well

This is the space that will keep mobs at low health until you can come and kill them.

1. Using your own cobblestone blocks (or whatever solid material you choose), build walls around the mob grinder, lifting 22 blocks into the sky. Make sure the wall floats off the ground two blocks higher than the grinder and is also wider than your grinder.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing the mob farm being built.

2. Once you’ve built your wall, go to the top and build 2 × 8 bridges on all four sides.

3. Enclose each of these bridges with a two-block high wall.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing the pit and bridges of the completed mobs farm.

We will now build the structure that automatically spawns the enemies.

Build the spawn room

It might look above ground, enemies only spawn when it’s night out. But the truth is, they will spawn wherever it is dark, including small caves and even dimly lit houses.

Here we will create a huge room with no light inside. This will cause the game to spawn mobs inside our mob farm as if it were a cave.

1. Using the cobblestones, connect the walls of the bridge creating large flat platforms.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing the bridges now connected by platforms.

2. Give each platform a wall two blocks high, then build a roof all over one block higher.

3. With the roof built and the wells and decks completely closed, head inside the structure. It may be necessary to temporarily break a piece of the roof to get inside.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing a roof under construction.

This is your spawn room – it’s where zombies, skeletons, and more will appear before you kill them.

The way you will kill them is to drop them into the pit in the center. When they hit the slabs you placed at the bottom, they will take massive damage, leaving them with only one or two hearts of health left. Some attacks will take them out and leave you with the loot.

(Unfortunately, you have to be the one to deliver the final blow. If you make the pit higher so that enemies die as soon as they fall, they won’t drop XP or as many items.)

But to do this, we need to build a way to force them into the well. This is where the hatches and buckets of water come in.

4. Take the hatches and place them on each of the bridges. You will need 16 hatches for each deck, eight on either side.

5. Make sure the hatches are open so that they fall out when you walk on them. Minecraft enemies see open hatches as solid ground, so they will promptly step on you and fall over.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing an empty space bordered by open hatches.

6. Use your buckets of water to place running water at the ends of your decks, against the wall. If you’ve spaced it correctly, the water should run along the decks and stop right at the edge of your well. Make sure the water does not run into the well – this will save enemies from falling damage.

A Minecraft screenshot, showing water flowing along a bridge.

You have now built a fully functional mob farm. Destroy the torches if you have them in place, then go out and plug any holes.

Put the finishing touches

Now that you have a mob farm, there are only a few steps left.

First, place enough torches above the mob farm to illuminate the large flat surface. This ensures that mobs will spawn inside of of the farm rather than above it.

Then, create an “AFK room”. This will be a space in which to safely wait while mobs spawn and get hurt.

Your AFK room can technically be anywhere within 128 blocks of the spawner room. But the best place to put it is high up, about 80 blocks above the farmhouse roof. Since mobs can’t spawn in midair, going that far into the sky makes the spawner’s room the only place they can spawn.

If you’re not in Creative mode, this is where you’ll really want the scaffolding, as it allows you to get on and off easily. Use the scaffolding to climb 80 blocks from the center of your farm. Once there, create a small room for yourself with any material.

A screenshot from Minecraft, showing an "AFK room" made of glass.

How to use your mob farm

There’s a good chance the mobs have already started appearing in your spawner room. Wait at least five minutes, then get out of your AFK room and head back to the back of the mob farm.

If you’ve built it correctly and waited long enough, you’ll find multiple enemies stuck together above the stone slabs. You will barely see them – only their legs should be visible.

Once you’ve gathered enough enemies, swing a weapon at their legs to kill them. They should only take one or two hits each.

The mobs will drop XP orbs to collect and their other drops (such as armor and weapons) will be sucked into the treasure chests below. Feel free to open the chests and retrieve the drops whenever you want.

Go back to your AFK room and repeat this process for as long as you like.

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